Finlândia


5 initial impressions from inside Finnish classrooms

12 “myths” about education in Finland debunked

Recess and Discipline

Education in Finland: Pisa isn’t the full story

Despite Finnish education’s strong performance in Pisa, it isn’t all perfect – science and maths standards are declining and top-performing students aren’t being pushed enough.

… que muitos gostam de apresentar como ideal, esuqecendo-se que tem um contexcto histórico, cultural, socio-económico e que tudo isso é um conjunto integrado do qual não se podem extrair apenas as partes convenientes.

É excelente como algo a atingir… fazendo o caminho até lá… sem andar aos ziguezagues.

há que descansar antes da terceira reunião desta época, a derradeira.

Esta visão é curiosa, não apenas porque é americana, mas porque os finlandeses parecem beneficiar de tudo aquilo que por cá (sejam rosinhas ou laranjinhas) se acha mal deixar os professores terem…

The Finnish advantage: the teachers

(…)

According to Sahlberg, the one factor that trumps all others for Finland’s current educational system’s fame is the daily contribution of excellent teachers.
Why are they excellent? The best single-sentence answer: Because Finnish culture esteems teaching as a noble, autonomous, prestigious profession, comparable to working as a medical doctor, lawyer or architect.
Why is the professionalism of teaching in Finland so appealing to aspirants and practitioners? There are multiple contributing factors, all largely absent in West Virginia’s public school system.
The first appears to be independence, freedom from the influence, guidance or control of others in the practice of the profession of teaching, as is largely the practice of medicine, law or accountancy.
There is no regular standardized testing, school inspection, teacher evaluation or ranking of schools in Finland. The most able and talented young people are attracted to teaching because it represents an independent and respectful profession within which they may fulfill their aspirations, rather than constituting a technical implementation of externally mandated standards, endless tests and administrative burdens.
Finnish teachers are particularly skeptical of using frequent standardized tests to determine students’ progress in school. In fact, many teachers reported that if they encountered similar external pressure regarding standardized testing and high-stakes accountability as do their peers in England or the United States, they would seek other jobs.

Sugestão do Carlos Moreira:

What Americans Keep Ignoring About Finland’s School Success

The Scandinavian country is an education superpower because it values equality more than excellence.

Em especial para os que gostam dois lugares de topo nos rankings internacionais.

Part I: Index and chapters 1–6 (pdf, 19 Mt)
1. Curriculum
2. Starting points for provision of education
3. Implementation of instruction
4. General support for studies
5. Instruction of pupils needing special support
6. Instruction of cultural and language groups

Part II: Chapters 7, 7.1–7.3 (pdf, 34 Mt)
7. Learning objectives and core contents of education
7.1 Integration and cross-curricular themes
7.2 Studies in mother tongues and the second national language
7.3 Mother tongue and literature

Part III: Chapters 7.4–7.9 (pdf, 25 Mt)
7.4 Second national language
7.5 Foreign languages
7.6 Mathematics
7.7 Environmental and natural sciences
7.8 Biology and geography
7.9 Physics and chemistry

Part IV: Chapters 7.10–7.21 (pdf, 16 Mt)
7.10 Health education
7.11 Religion
7.12 Ethics
7.13 History
7.14 Social studies
7.15 Music
7.16 Visual arts
7.17 Crafts
7.18 Physical education
7.19 Home economics
7.20 Optional subjects
7.21 Educational and vocational guidance

Part V: Chapters 8–9 and Appendix (pdf, 18 Mt)
8. Pupil assessment
9. Instruction in accordance with a special educational task or special pedagogical system or principle
Appendix 1–5
National core curriculum for instruction preparatory to basic education
National core curriculum for voluntary additional basic education

Amendments and additions

Amendments and additions to the National Core Curriculum for Basic Education (pdf), valid from 1.1.2011.

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