Na sua deriva em busca de “reformas de sucesso”, alguns defensores da liberdade de escolha a todo o custo voltaram a lançar mão ao exemplo do Chile.

Não apresentam dados sobre a experiência, nem qualquer balanço das suas consequências. Que foram dramáticas ao ponto da ruptura:

Chile’s student protest leaders hope to dismantle the system from the inside

Camila Vallejo among those expected to elected to congress two years after free education call precipitated nationwide shutdown.

Mas entre outros materiais, existem diversos relatórios, incluindo do Banco Mundial (que não parece ser uma instituição anti-escolha), que explicam as consequências mais óbvias da reforma introduzida nos anos 80, sob o regime de Pinochet e com larga influência ideológica dos liberais de Chicago:

Overall, the reform improved the efficiency of the education system, possibly at the expense of equity.

The results suggest that those who in 1981 switched to private subsidized schools were mainly urban “middle class” students leaving public schools, possibly in search of better peer groups. We find evidence suggesting that for students with such characteristics, who switched during their basic education, the labor market reward for an additional year of schooling is a measure of the non-cognitive return to schooling. This is not the case, however, for older cohorts (those in secondary education). The large secondary school expansion seems to have attracted a heterogeneous group of students who had earlier received their basic education in public schools. For this group of students the labor marker rewarded these skills significantly, while the non-cognitive component of the return to schooling for this group is rather small.

Anexo: wps4617.

Aliás, a vitória esmagadora de Michele Bachelet foi conseguida com uma plataforma dirigida, exactamente, contra as consequências de um sistema de ensino promotor de uma enorme desigualdade e que esteve na origem de violentas manifestações de estudantes.

“There is no question about it: Profits can’t be the motor behind education because education isn’t merchandise and because dreams aren’t a consumer good.”

In Chile, high-quality schooling is generally only available to those who can pay, and massive student protests – which sometimes turned violent – hurt the popularity of outgoing conservative president Sebastian Pinera.

Bachelet ran on a platform of social policies to address a deep divide between rich and poor. Chile, the world’s top copper-exporting nation, is ranked the most unequal country in the 34-member Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Por cá, há quem tente apresentar o caso chileno como exemplar… mas só se for do fracasso de uma reforma desenhada para beneficiar ainda mais quem já era mais favorecido e que aprofundou a clivagem entre os centros urbanos mais ricos e o mundo rural mais pobre.