Terça-feira, 25 de Fevereiro, 2014


U2, Invisble

01-Mario COLUNA 1962

Comunicado – Processo negocial relativo ao Concurso de Vinculação Extraordinária

Prova para professores sem influência nos próximos concursos

A FNE saiu da reunião com o ministério sem esperança num acordo quanto ao diploma que vai regular o concurso para a vinculação de professores que continua em discussão.

SAlProfK

Por exemplo,  os professores portugueses – e sem contar os congelamentos  – são dos que demoram mais para chegar ao topo da carreira.

SAlProf

E Portugal é um dos três únicos países em que o decréscimo foi contínuo:

SAlProf1

 

The Effects of Competition Between Schools on Educational Outcomes: A Review for the United States

Studies of the competition effects from voucher or tuition tax credit scholarship programs on public school student academic outcomes have taken place in seven locations throughout the United States, with the majority of studies taking place in Florida, followed by Wisconsin. This article reviews 21 total studies of the impacts on student academic outcomes, finding neutral to positive results. The various competition measures used in the literature are thoroughly reviewed and regression discontinuity design is identified as the most rigorous estimation strategy capable of identifying the causal effect of competition threats on traditional public schools.

The Impact of Voucher Schools

How school choice has — and hasn’t — worked. Second in a series on education in Milwaukee.

Twenty years ago, Milwaukee grabbed the attention of the nation by instituting the most significant departure from traditional public education in generations: the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program, more commonly known as “choice,” or “voucher schools.”

(…)

Voucher schools serve 16 percent of the city’s student population and represent an annual expenditure of $150 million in tax dollars per year. So the most important question for policymakers, citizens, and, ultimately, parents, is this: has it worked? Has the investment paid off?

(…)

Taken as a whole, the voucher schools on average have similar test score results to Milwaukee Public Schools. Roughly the same percentage of voucher-receiving students were achieving at proficiency or better than all students in MPS in 2010-2011, but the following year, voucher students had somewhat lower test scores in reading and significantly lower scores in math.

Taken school by school, the distribution of quality schools in the voucher system and MPS is similar. Roughly the same percentage of voucher and MPS schools score higher than state averages in reading, and roughly the same percentage are very low performing. There is evidence that tighter accountability standards, including requiring that schools receiving vouchers be accredited and take state standardized tests, has led to better results and fewer bad schools being allowed to participate.

So is the program a net win or loss for the city? Clearly Milwaukee needs more high quality schools, and the voucher program has unquestionably added quality schools to the menu of options open to parents. But the program has also given rise to schools no better than, and in some cases worse, than the public school options nearby.

And while the $6,442 voucher is much lower than the per-pupil expenditures for MPS, a quirk in how the State accounts for private school students, widely known as the “funding flaw,” means city residents arguably pay more than we should per voucher student, while non-Milwaukee residents benefit.

Milwaukee’s grand experiment put power directly into the hands of low-income parents in the form of a voucher. But after 20 years we now know that this power alone is not enough to create excellent schools. The excellent schools that exist in each sector show that it takes a community committed to excellence to make it happen: educators, parents, volunteer board members and others, all committed to a common vision and doing whatever it takes, and held accountable for meaningful results beyond a test score.

Distributional Effects of a School Voucher Program: Evidence from New York City

Abstract

We use quantile treatment effects estimation to examine the consequences of a school voucher experiment across the distribution of student achievement. In 1997, the School Choice Scholarship Foundation granted $1,400 private school vouchers to a randomly-selected group of low-income New York City elementary school students. Prior research indicates that this program had no average effect on student achievement. If vouchers boost achievement at one part of the distribution and hurt achievement at another, zero or small mean effects may obscure theoretically important but offsetting program effects. Drawing upon prior research related to Catholic schools and school choice, we derive three hypotheses regarding the program’s distributional consequences. Our analyses suggest that the program had no significant effect at any point in the skill distribution.

… como um sistema de cheque-ensino direccionado para grupos sociais e étnicos mais desfasvorecidos pode produzir alguns efeitos.

THE EFFECTS OF SCHOOL VOUCHERS ON COLLEGE ENROLLMENT: Experimental Evidence from New York City

(..)
We find suggestive evidence that educational and religious reasons may explain the different findings for African American and Hispanic students.
Although it would be incorrect to say that educational objectives were not uppermost in the minds of respondents from both ethnic groups (as respondents from both groups made it clear that such was the case), the weight given different objectives appears to have differed in some respects. African American students were especially at risk of not going on to college, and families sought a private school — even one outside their religious tradition — that would help their child overcome that disadvantage. Hispanic students were less at risk of not enrolling in college and likely sought a voucher for some combination of religious and educational benefits.

O que eu gostava de saber?

Qual a proporção de alunos de minorias étnicas nos colégios com contrato de associação. Qual a proporção desses alunos nos que têm contratos simples, que são o equivalente mais próximo ao cheque-ensino.

É o meu profundo problema com estas organizações tão colectivistas que acabam por ser muito selectivas na forma como destacam ou esquecem os indivíduos.

Vídeo que assinala os 15 anos do partido deixou de fora ex-deputada que se demitiu da comissão política em Janeiro.

O vídeo dos 15 anos do Bloco de Esquerda projectado na última conferência nacional ignorou a participação de Ana Drago nas acções mais importantes do partido nos últimos anos.

A ausência da bloquista não deixou de ser notada por alguns militantes que acreditam que a demissão de Drago da comissão política em Janeiro, alegando uma “divergência profunda e fundamental” com a direcção de Catarina Martins e de João Semedo, terá sido determinante para apagar da memória colectiva do partido o contributo da ex-parlamentar bloquista.

… não é bem Relvas pois tem mais béquegraunde.

Jorge Coelho está a trabalhar como «conselheiro especial» de Seguro

Afirmou na TVI24 o politólogo José Filipe Pinto.

E continuo sem perceber a diferença entre alguns politólogos e meros factótuns.

A China Three Gorges, o maior acionista da EDP, está a reduzir a dimensão dos gabinetes dos seus líderes e a usar automóveis de serviço mais baratos, corrigindo “irregularidades” detetadas pela Comissão Central de Disciplina do Partido Comunista Chinês.

O que eu mais gosto nisto tudo é o perfume dos mercados em toda esta opeação da EDP. A forma como foi a concorrência entre empresas livres a determinar o seu destino.

Relvas abriu empresa de consultoria este mês

O antigo ministro intensificou atividade empresarial no mês em que regressa a cargo político. Passos Coelho tem o “braço-direito” à disposição para batalha eleitoral de 2015

As últimas atividades empresariais de Miguel Relvas mostram que o regresso à política – para o órgão maior do PSD entre congressos, o conselho nacional -não significa um abrandamento da atividade profissional de consultor.

O antigo ministro constituiu, aliás, este mês uma empresa de “consultoria para os negócios e gestão”, que tem o nome de “M.F.Relvas – Planeamento Estratégico, Lda”.

Entre ele eo Rangel qual será o mais impante e inchado?

Assis diz que a sua candidatura é “estruturante da esquerda”

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